IPM does not preclude the use of pesticides. However, pesticides should be viewed as just one of the many tools used to minimize pest problems. A pest-control strategy using pesticides should be used only when the pest is causing or is expected to cause more damage than what can be reasonably and economically tolerated. Pesticides should be evaluated on effectiveness against the pest, mode of action, life stage of the pest, personnel hazards, non-target effects, potential off-site movement, and cost. A control strategy should be implemented that reduces the pest numbers to an acceptable level while minimizing harm to non-targeted organisms. In addition, the use of pesticides should be consistent with guidelines to reduce resistance in pest species. Lastly, pesticides must always be used as directed on the label, as required by state and federal law.
Best Management Practices
- Train employees in proper pest identification and pesticide selection techniques.
- Choose the product most appropriate for the problem or pest.
- Mix only the quantity of pesticide needed in order to avoid disposal problems, protect non-target organisms, and save money.
- Spot-treat pests whenever appropriate.
- Make note of any environmental hazards and groundwater advisories included on the label.
- Rotate pesticide modes-of-action to reduce the likelihood of resistance.
- Follow guidelines and advice provided by the Fungicide Resistance Action Committee (FRAC), Herbicide Resistance Action Committee (HRAC), and Insecticide Resistance Action Committee (IRAC).